Unit 3 Assessment

Analyze and Synthesize


Focus Question

How did the roles of Women change during the Civil War?

Little Women

an excerpt

Little Women tells the story of the four March sisters—Meg, Beth, Amy, Jo-and their mother, who live in Massachusetts at the time of the Civil War. Their father, serving for the Union, has been taken ill and Mrs. March is summoned to nurse him. With money very scarce, the family worries about how to afford the expenses.

  • 1

    The short afternoon wore away. All other errands were done, and Meg and her mother busy at some necessary needlework, while Beth and Amy got tea, and Hannah finished her ironing with what she called a “slap and a bang,” but still Jo did not come. They began to get anxious . . . [S]he came walking in with a very queer expression of countenance as, for there was a mixture of fun and fear, satisfaction and regret in it, which puzzled the family as much as did the roll of bills she laid before her mother, saying with a little choke in her voice, “That’s my contribution toward making Father comfortable and bringing him home!”

  • 2

    “My dear, where did you get it? Twenty-five dollars! Jo, I hope you haven’t done anything rash?”

  • 3

    “No, it’s mine honestly. I didn’t beg, borrow, or steal it. I earned it, and I don’t think you’ll blame me, for I only sold what was my own.”

  • 4

    As she spoke, Jo took off her bonnet, and a general outcry arose, for all her abundant hair was cut short.

  • 5

    “Your hair! Your beautiful hair!” “Oh, Jo, how could you? Your one beauty.” “My dear girl, there was no need of this.” “She doesn’t look like my Jo any more, but I love her dearly for it!”

  • 6

    As everyone exclaimed, and Beth hugged the cropped head tenderly, Jo assumed an indifferent air, which did not deceive anyone a particle, and said, rumpling up the brown bush and trying to look as if she liked it, “It doesn’t affect the fate of the nation, so don’t wail, Beth. It will be good for my vanity, I was getting too proud of my mane. It will do my brains good to have that mop taken off. My head feels deliciously light and cool, and the barber said I could soon have a curly crop, which will be boyish, becoming, and easy to keep in order. I’m satisfied, so please take the money and let’s have supper.

    “Tell me all about it, Jo. I am not quite satisfied, but I can’t blame you, for I know how willingly you sacrificed your vanity, as you call it, to your love. But, my dear, it was not necessary, and I’m afraid you will regret it one of these days,” said Mrs.March.

Return to the Focus Question

How did the roles of women change during the Civil War.


Use the graphic organsize below to complete the follow-ing two questions.


Now that you have read and reviewed all there texts, how would you answering the Focus Question?


What details from each text helped you in answering the focus question?

How did the Civil War change the lives of women?

Little Women

Women Spymasters

Hospital Sketches


How did making connections between the three texts enable you to answer the Focus Question?


Explain how the roles of women changed during the Civil War. Use at least 2 pieces of evidence form each text to support your answer.